“Water is a driving force of all nature,” says the famous creator, inventor and scientist Leonardo da Vinci. Centuries after this statement, modern scientists have never solved the mysteries of this invaluable resource, a gift to humanity from nature. One of the key issues that we are still looking for is whether water can have a memory, and the modern scientific paradigm cannot said categorically “yes” or “no.” The first attempts to prove the scientific memory date back to 1988. The French immunologist Jacques Benveniste published in the journal “Nature” results from experiments sponsored by the homeopathic company “Boaron”, who should prove that the water “remembers” the properties of the last diluted substance in it.
The editors of the magazine puts a condition for the publication of data – it is the Commission to verify on the spot the working methods of Benveniste. A three-member committee controls the experiments at Benveniste’s lab, and the results ultimately reject the hypothesis of water memory. The scientist, however, does not give up and asserts that hydrogen bonds are responsible for the memory of water. Scientific experiments prove that after homeopathic dilution, water “loses memory” for the substance that has been dissolved in it for less than 50 femtoseconds (50 billionth of a millisecond). Benvenist’s work has been ridiculed from the scientific community – for his “discoveries” he received two anti-Nobel prizes.
27 years later, a team of scientists from the Institute for Polymer Research (MPI-P) in Mainz, Germany and the FOM Institute AMOLF in the Netherlands, however, found that water cannot be regarded as a single entity and there are special local structures in it. For a certain type of relatively stable clusters of several molecules of water is known long ago, but so far all researchers have thought that water has practically no “memory” and that these structures decompose within a very short period of time – one tenth of the picosecond (one picosecond is equivalent to 0.000.000.0001 seconds), “the scientists explain. Observing the changes in hydrogen bonds between individual water molecules, the team was founded that these structures actually retained the shape and “memory” for it longer – in the order of more than one picosecond, i. 0.000.000.000 001 seconds. This discovery radically changes the way scientists look at the water. So, the general conclusion at this stage is that water has a certain “memory but it is extremely short-lived and in no way is proof of the theories of homeopathic supporters that water can be a universal method of treating all kinds of diseases and disorders of the functions of the human organism.
Nobel laureates created “dead water”
In June 2018, the Nobel laureates for physics Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov create “dead water” which has no dissolving properties. They achieve this with graphite and boron nitride.
The aim of the study is to check whether the water will change its properties if the molecules are arranged differently. The course of their experiment is described in “Science” journal. The two scientists and their team at the University of Manchester have built something like a “sandwich” of ultrathin plates boron nitride on a base of graphite film. Thus in each gap between the layers falls within a small number of water molecules. This allows researchers to measure their physical properties. It turns out that they change when the layer thickness reaches two nanometers and the water becomes “dead”.